Monday, May 23, 2011

Alliance Philippines: Coding “Geronimo” for Bin Laden, Discriminatory and Disrespectful

Los Angeles-  The Alliance-Philippines (AJLPP) agrees and is  united  with the  top staffer for the Senate Indian Affairs Committee in objecting to the US military’s use of the code name “Geronimo” for Osama bin Laden during the raid that killed the al-Qaida leader.

Geronimo was an Apache leader in the 19th century who spent many years fighting the Mexican and US Armies until his surrender in 1886. Geronimo surrendered to General Henry Lawton, a civil war veteran who was killed in the Philippines during the Filipino-American War.

The Alliance fully supports  Loretta Tuell, staff director and chief counsel for the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, who  said on Tuesday it was inappropriate to link Geronimo, whom she called “one of the greatest Native American heroes,” with one of the most hated enemies of the United States.



General Licerio Geronimo

The Alliance added especially it can refer to one of the Filipino generals whose men killed an American general during the Filipino-American War.  General Lawton was killed by the revolutionary forces under General Licerio  Geronimo of the Philippine Republican Army in the Battle of San Mateo on December 4, 1899.Lawton was killed by the "Tiradores El Muertes" or the sharpshooters of General Geronimo's brigade.

The battleground of San Mateo is now called Batasan Hills in Quezon City, Philippines where the Batasang Pambansa (National legislature )is located

A White House spokesperson referred questions about the code name to the Pentagon. A Defense Department spokesperson declined to comment.


Inappropriate and Discriminatory

“These inappropriate uses of Native American icons and cultures are prevalent throughout our society, and the impacts to Native and non-Native children are devastating,” Tuell said.

Tuell is a member of the Nez Perce tribe and grew up on the tribe’s reservation in Idaho. The Senate Indian Affairs panel had previously scheduled a hearing for Thursday on racial stereotypes of native people. Tuell said the use of Geronimo in the Bin Laden raid will be discussed.

After Bin Laden was killed, the military sent a message back to the White House: “Geronimo EKIA”—enemy killed in action.

“It’s another attempt to label Native Americans as terrorists,” said Paula Antoine of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe in South Dakota.

A columnist for the weekly newspaper Indian Country Today, Steven Newcomb,a criticized what he called a disrespectful use of a name revered by many Native Americans.

“Apparently, having an African-American president in the White House is not enough to overturn the more than 200-year American tradition of treating and thinking of Indians as enemies of the United States,” Newcomb wrote.

Alliance News
May 03, 2011
(Reposted from Facebok) 

__________


Photo credits:

Macky Hosalla

http://www.sonofthesouth.net/american-indians/pictures/apache/apache-indian.jpg
http://ts1.mm.bing.net/images/thumbnail.aspx?q=966414966172&id=e12b02b37a878e603f797aa91edf5a7b&url=http%3a%2f%2fmundabor.files.wordpress.com%2f2011%2f05%2fbin-laden.jpg
Licencia de Creative Commons Reposts are licensed to the respective authors. Otherwise, posts by Jesusa Bernardo are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Philippines.

Friday, May 20, 2011

The Need for A Cultural Revolution

by Jose Maria Sison
Archived Speech, September 30, 1966

delivered at the UP Baguio College, Baguio City
Sponsored by the UP Baguio Student Council.



To have a scientific view of culture as we should, we need to understand first of all that culture is a superstructure that rests upon a material basis.

The ideas, institutions and all cultural patterns are dependent on the material mode of existence of a society. These change as all societies are subject to change. There is no permanent society or culture.

The cultural balance, pattern or synthesis that exists in a society at a given historical stage is nothing but the unity of opposites, the unity of opposite cultural forces. This unity is always a temporary balance subject to the dynamism of opposites. The progressive force always outgrows and breaks the old framework which the reactionary force always tries to preserve.

Just as revolution is inevitable in politico-economic relations, revolution is inevitable in culture. A cultural revolution, as a matter of fact, is a necessary aspect of the politico-economic revolution.

In the history of mankind, it can easily be seen that even before the full development of the politico-economic power of an ascendant social class, a cultural revolution provides it with the thoughts and motives that serve as the effective guide to action and further action. A ruling class achieves what we call its class consciousness before it actually establishes its own state power and replaces the old state power and its vestiges.

Long before the liberal revolution of Europe dealt the most effective political blows against feudal power in the 17th and 18th centuries, a cultural revolution took shape in the Renaissance which asserted secular thinking and freedom of thought. The men of the Renaissance questioned the clerical hegemony over culture and learning and they clarified the ideals and values that were still to become truly dominant later when the unity of church and state was to be broken and replaced by the modern bourgeois state.The successful revolution of the bourgeoisie in the West was prepared and guided by a cultural revolution.

In our country, there had to be a propaganda movement, the assertion of new ideas and values before there developed the actual beginnings of the Philippine revolution that fell under the class leadership of the ilustrados or the liberal bourgeoisie that surrounded Aguinaldo.

In this Propaganda Movement, Dr. Jose Rizal made patriotic annotations on Morga's Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas with a view of demonstrating that before the coming of Spanish colonialism there was an indigenous culture that the indios could be proud of. This was clearly an anticolonial attempt not only to show up the racial arrogance of those who belittled our people but also to develop an awareness of a national culture.

Not to be carried away by chauvinism, Dr. Jose Rizal further presented the crisis of colonial culture in the Philippines and the prospects of a national culture in terms of the liberal ideas and values of Europe which he believed could be applied in the concrete experience of his people, inasmuch as there was already the emergence of the ilustrados like Crisostomo Ibarra and businessmen like Capitan Tiago.

Rizal's two novels, Noli and Fili, and his essays, “The Indolence of the Filipinos” and “The Philippines A Century Hence,” were written in furtherance of a national democratic cultural revolution. It was a revolution in the sense that it contraposed national culture to the colonial culture of which the friars were the chief defenders.

It was in this same spirit that the participants of the Propaganda Movement wrote as Marcelo H. del Pilar did, orated as Graciano Lopez Jaena did, and painted as Juan Luna did. All of them exposed the exploitation and brutalization of our people, thus paving the way for the clear call for  separation from Spain by the Katipunan.

The Katipunan, which was a vigorously separatist movement and which served as the nucleus of a new national political community, carried forward into revolutionary action the aspiration for a national democratic culture, integrating democratic concepts with the indigenous conditions. From Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto to Apolinario Mabini and Antonio Luna, the fire of cultural revolution rose higher and higher and shone with the political ideas that guided the Philippine Revolution of 1896.

What came to be considered our national culture in the beginning was the integration of modern political ideas and indigenous conditions. The emergence of that national culture was essentially a political phenomenon; a national culture arose in direct and necessary opposition to the colonial and clerical culture which exploited and brutalized our people. An awareness of national culture spread among the Filipino people as fast as national sentiment and consciousness spread among them. The political awareness of a national community reintegrated the cultural patterns in the provinces, surpassing both the magical barangay culture of pre-Hispanic times and the feudal Christian culture under Spanish domination. The desire for a modern national democratic society outmoded the feudal society developed by the conquistadores from the primitive rule of the rajahs and the datus who submitted themselves as local puppets of the foreign dispensation.

Our people s aspirations for national democracy and for a modern culture of the same cast were, unfortunately, frustrated by the coming of U.S. imperialism. Taking advantage of the naivete and compromising character of our ilustrado or liberal bourgeois leaders, the U.S. imperialists easily insinuated themselves into our country by pretending to give aid to our efforts to free our motherland. After all, did not the patriots of the Propaganda Movement praise so much the ideas of Jefferson, the American Declaration of Independence and the American struggle against British colonialism?

Alas, little was it realized that the American revolution, which we still remember  today for its national democratic ideals, had taken the path of monopoly capitalist development and had become an imperialist power greedy for colonies in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Though it shouted loud its slogans of bringing democracy and Christianity to the Philippines, as required by a supposed divine mandate received by President McKinley in his dream, it came to suppress the First Philippine Republic and the Malolos Constitution which embodied our people s national democratic aspirations.

As efficiently as the Spaniards were in suppressing the rich cultural achievements of our ancestors, the U.S. imperialists went about their work of brutally suppressing any manifestation of patriotism by the Filipino people. Today, despite the current horror of the U.S. imperialist war of aggression in Vietnam, many still have the illusion that the U.S. imperialists are smart, subtle and smooth operators. But what is more cruel and crude than the murder of more than 250,000 Filipinos to achieve U.S. imperialist conquest of the Philippines, as was done in the Filipino-American War of 1899-1902?

What is more crude and inconsiderate than the all-out imperialist attempt during the first decade of this country to censor and suppress newspapers, drama, poetry, and other cultural efforts which manifested Filipino patriotism and national democratic aspirations? The mere display of the Philippine flag was enough ground for a Filipino to be punished for sedition.

Until today, many of our youth and elders are deprived of the memory of the national democratic struggle of our people. They have been made to forget. How is this possible even if there seems to be no more open coercion to prevent us from reviewing our national history?

The history of mankind shows that state power and any appearance of stability in any class society are sustained by the force of arms and other coercive means. However, in so far as forgetting one s history is concerned, control of the means of cultural development is necessary to get such a result. A state, such as one that is imperialist, does not only have the instruments for coercion but also the instruments for suasion.

The first decisive step taken by the U.S. government in order to develop its cultural and educational control over the Philippines was to impose the English language as the medium of instruction and as the official language. On the national scale, a foreign language became the first language in government and business. English merely replaced Spanish as the vehicle of the foreign power dominating us.

A foreign language may widen our cultural horizons, opening our eyes to those parts of the world expressed by that language. But if such a foreign language is forced on our people as has been the case with Spanish and English consecutively, it undermines and destroys the sense of national and social purpose that should be inculcated in our youth and in those who are supposed to be educated. Within our nation this foreign language divides the educated and the wealthy from the masses. It is not only a measure of class discrimination but also one of national subjugation. It means a cultural constriction represented a long time ago by a Dona Victorina.

The two most significant results of the adoption of English as the first language in the practice of the educated are: first, learning and the professions are alienated from the masses and only serve the ruling class in the incessant class struggle; and second, the Filipino people are actually cut off from other peoples of the world and become victimized by imperialist propaganda.

Some persons might argue that the U.S. government had really intended to spread English among the masses by establishing the public school system. They might, with extreme nostalgia, recall the coming of the Thomasites and what had developed from their  work; they might recall how American teachers taught their language better than many Filipino English teachers do today. Foolishly, they are liable to find justification in this for the Peace Corps and other cultural devices meant to perpetuate U.S. imperialist cultural influence among the people.

Those favoring the dominance of the imperialist culture at the expense of our developing national culture are treading treasonous grounds. It is already well exposed by history that the public school system has served essentially as a brainwashing machine for cleansing the people s minds of their national democratic aspirations.

The colonially- tutored children came to know more about Washington and Lincoln than about Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto. The national democratic concepts of our national heroes were forgotten and only innocuous anecdotes were told about them. U.S. imperialism became in their eyes the liberator and not the oppressor of the people in fact.

U.S. imperialism has found more use in our learning of English than we would have found for ourselves if we developed our own national language. We have about three generations of Filipinos spewed by the imperialist brainwashing machine. The general run of these Filipinos have an intellectual orientation, habits, and consumption attitudes subordinated to the so-called American way of life.

In self-criticism, let us accept how much so many of us have become acculturized to U.S. imperialism. To propose that we embark on a genuine program of national industrialization and agrarian revolution is to become extremely “subversive.” We are eyed with suspicion by some just because we had dared to challenge the colonial character of the economy and, therefore, of the prevailing politics.

We must propose the Filipinization of schools, the press, radio and other media which are decisive in the conditioning of minds. Because in the hands of foreigners, these constitute direct foreign political power and intervention in our national affairs. These media of education and information immediately direct public opinion and, as it has been since the coming of U.S. imperialism, they have served to keep permanent our cultural as well as our political bondage.

The cultural aggression of U.S. imperialism in our country continues unabated. It takes various forms.

The U.S. Agency for  International Development has a decisive say on educational policies at the highest governmental level. Textbook production and procurement are directed by it in the Department of Education. Multifarious projects designed to execute directly U.S. foreign cultural policy are actually supported by the counterpart peso fund which we provide. To a great extent, the Philippine government is actually subsidizing USIS and other forms of “clasped hand” propaganda.

In a strategic place like the University of the Philippines, General Carlos P. Romulo continues to open the door to foreign grants from such foundations as Rockefeller 77
 
Foundation and Ford Foundation. He has sought loans from foreign financing institutions like the World Bank for the purpose of his so-called five-year development program. The naive teacher, student and administrator in my Alma Mater might think that Romulo is doing a fine job for us. But actually, he is doing a fine job for the cause of cultural imperialism which is in the service of U.S. monopoly capitalism.

We have to examine closely the present proliferation of institutes and research projects in the U.P. which are meant only to accommodate the cultural agents of the U.S. government, both American and Filipino. We have to examine how much U.S. imperialist advice and actual direction has affected and will affect the curricula and materials for study. We have to examine closely what is the whole idea behind the $6 million World Bank loan to the UP. How, for instance, is this related to present plans and operations of Esso fertilizer, International Harvester, United Fruit and others? We should inquire more critically into the increasing physical presence of U.S. imperialist personnel in UP. The U.S. government plans every step it takes in consideration of the monopoly interests it must represent in its foreign policy. Unlike the Philippine government, the U.S. government takes its action in the cultural field on the basis of national interests.

The pensionado mentality among our brighter  students, teachers and professors have become so instilled that to promote their career it is a “must” for them to take one American scholarship grant or another. We must be critical of their mentality and we must pursue a new cultural revolution that should put in order the values of those who have fallen prey to this mentality. They go to the United States only to learn concepts and cases that do not apply on the concrete experience of our people. Their thinking is completely alienated from the masses and at most they become self- seeking careerists.

There is a worse kind of Filipino professional than the one who finally returns to this country. He is either a doctor, a nurse or some other professional who prefers to stay in the United States as a permanent resident or who tries to become an American citizen. This type of fellow is a subtle betrayer of his country and, in the most extreme cases, a loud-mouthed vilifier of the Filipino people. He goes to the foreign land for higher pay and that is all he is interested in. He does not realize how much social investment has been put into his public schooling from the elementary level and up, and he refuses to serve the people whose taxes have paid for his education. We criticize him but we must as well condemn the government that allows him to desert and that fails to inspire him to work for the people.

While there is an apparent exodus of our bright young men and women to the United States and other lands under the direction of the U.S., the U.S. government ironically sends the Peace Corps and encourages all sorts of projects (many of which are CIA- directed) intending to send young American men and women abroad. Whereas these young Americans are going to our countryside guided by the foreign policy of their government, our bright young men and women are abandoning the countryside to crowd each other out in the city or to take flight entirely from their country.

We refer to the Peace Corps here as a challenge to our youth. These agents of a foreign government are here to perpetuate their government s long- standing policies and cultural influence. They are agents of renewed U.S. imperialist efforts to aggravate their cultural control; thus, they are described as the new Thomasites.

The presence of U.S. imperialist agents of one sort or another in our countryside poses a threat to the development of a national democratic movement among us. Beyond their  role of showing pictures of New York and Washington to impressionable children is the counterinsurgency rationale behind their organization.

While these sweet boys and girls in the Peace Corps are now immediately creating goodwill (which is a euphemism for political influence) and performing intelligence functions, these same sweet boys and girls can always come back with new orders from their government. This counterinsurgency aspect and psywar and intelligence value of the Peace Corps are what make it subversive to the interest of a national democratic movement.

The Filipino youth should go to the countryside to learn from the people and to arouse them for  the national democratic revolution.

(Reprinted with permission of Prof. Joma Sison)

________


Sison, Jose Maria. The Need for a Cultural Revolution. Speech delivered at the UP Baguio College, Baguio City. 30 Sept. 1966. In Arkibong Bayan website. http://arkibongbayan.org/2011/2011-04April26-UPgraduation/upgrad.htm#cultural


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Thursday, May 19, 2011

Pangkalahatang Perspektiba: "Kasaysayan at Kalinangan: Ang Bagong Kasaysayan sa Unang Dekada ng Siglo 21"

 ni Dr. Zeus A. Salazar


Pangkalahatang Perspektiba  sa ika-9 na Bakas Seminar-workshop na ginanap noong Mayo 10-12 sa Ortigas Foundation Library. Pagsasakonteksto ng unang dekada ng ika-21ng siglo na siyang tema ng seminar. 

Sa kontesktong ito ng paglilinaw sa nakaraan ng Kapilipinuhan ang tema ng kasalukuyang seminar-workshop ay hindi maaring ituon lamang sa unang dekada ng ating bagong dantaon kundi gayundin sa naging kasaysayan ng BAKAS hangang ngayon upang lalong makita ang paghawi sa karimlan. Importante sa gawaing ito ang 1989 na siyang taon ng Unang Pambansang Kumperensya sa Historiograpiyang Pilipino na ginanap noong Marso 27-Abril 1 ng taong iyon sa U.P. Diliman sa pagtataguyod ng BAKAS, LIKAS at ng U.P. Departamento ng Kasaysayan...
xxxx
Sa Kolonya (Alemanyan) rin inilathala ng BAKAS ang Kasaysayan ng Bulakan ni Dr. Jaime Veneracion noong 1986. Si Dr. Veneracion ang naging Co-convenor ni Dr. Salazar ng Kumperensya noong 1989 at naging unang Pangulo ng Asosasyon ng mga Dalubhasa at may Hilig sa Kasaysayan (ADHIKA) na siyan kinasapitan ng Kumperensya.





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Sunday, May 15, 2011

Bodhi Tree Planting & Buddha Bathing Ceremonies in the Philippines

The Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, His Excellency Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Jayaratne, will lead TODAY, May 15, 2011,  the planting of a sapling of the original bodhi tree of enlightenment of the Buddha, which he will personally bring.

Site of the Bodhi tree planting? New Manila, Quezon City. Supposedly, there are only three countries in the world where the original Bodhi tree is found: India, Sri Lanka, & France, and the Philippines will become the 4th. Should be a blessing???

Some Buddhist history of the Bodhi tree:

Plant biologists, i.e., botanists, know the Bodhi tree as Ficus religiosa (holy fig). Belonging to the  Moraceae family, the leaves of this fig tree are rather unusual in shape, which is cordate and has pronouncedly extended/ caudate tip.

More about the Bodhi Tree:

The Bodhi Tree ("Tree of Awakening," also known as the Bo Tree) in Bodhgaya is a direct descendent of the tree under which Siddharta Gautama is attained enlightenment.

After 49 days of meditation, it was here that Siddharta Guatama became the Buddha, the "Enlightened One."


Here's the program:



The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and the Republic of the Philippines
The Universal Wisdom Foundation, Inc.

Cordially Invite You to the

Vesak Day Celebration on May 15, 2011 at 9:00am

PART I: BODHI TREE PLANTING AT WISDOM PARK
3rd Street corner Broadway Avenue, New Manila, Quezon City, Philippines


PROGRAMME


09:30

Invocation

:

Ven. Vincent Taguinod , Ven. Kelanchiye Ratnasiri Thero, and Ven. Kehelptha Maithree Thero

09:35

Welcome Remarks

:

Madame Mary Hartigan-Go
President, Universal Wisdom Foundation

09:40

Brief History and Significance of the Bodhi Tree

:

Dr. Carlos Aureus
Chairman, Universal Wisdom Foundation

09:50

Keynote Address

:

Introduction of

His Excellency
Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Jayaratne
Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

By H.E. Ambassador N. Bennet Cooray

10:00

Planting of the Bodhi Tree Sapling

:

His Excellency
Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Jayaratne
Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
Assisted by the Venerable Dharma Masters, Their Excellencies and Officers of the Diplomatic Corps, Distinguished Guests and Visitors

10:30

Stone-Laying

:

Dr. Mariano Yupitun
Founder, Universal Wisdom Foundation

10:45

Closing Remarks

:

Dr. Mark Anson Yupitun
Vice-President, Universal Wisdom Foundation
Madame Uendie Yupitun
Master of Ceremonies



PART II: BUDDHA BATHING CEREMONIES
Universal Wisdom Foundation, Inc.
4F Gilmore I. T. Center Bldg., 8 Gilmore Avenue corner 1st Street,
New Manila, Quezon City, Philippines


PROGRAMME


11:00

Video Presentation: The Significance of Vesak and How to Do Buddha Bathing

:

Dr. Carlos Aureus
Chairman, Universal Wisdom Foundation, Inc.

11:10

Buddha Bathing Ceremony

:

Initiated By:

His Excellency
Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Jayaratne
Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

And

His Excellency
N. Bennet Cooray
Ambassador of Sri Lanka

11:20

Awarding of Appreciation

:

Dr. Mariano Yupitun
Founder, Universal Wisdom Foundation

11:30

Closing Remarks

:

Mr. Mark Kenrich Yupitun
Treasurer, Universal Wisdom Foundation


Madame Uendie Yupitun
Master of Ceremonies


___________


For inquiries, contact the coordinator at (02)7241157



The Bodhi tree at the Mahabodhi Temple, India

__________


Photo credits:

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/india/bodhgaya-bodhi-tree


Licencia de Creative Commons Reposts are licensed to the respective authors. Otherwise, posts by Jesusa Bernardo are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Philippines.

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